Case study oil spill in gulf of mexico - Deepwater Horizon oil spill - Wikipedia
On April 20, , the oil drilling rig Deepwater Horizon, operating in the Macondo Prospect in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded and sank resulting in the death of 11.
Its entire cargo oftons of light crude oil was dumped into the roiling waters of the English Channel, with the grim consequence of killing off more marine life than any other oil spill to date at the time.The Gulf Oil Spill Disintegrated This Island
Cleanup efforts were foiled by strong winds and heavy seas and less than tons of dispersants were used. Within a month of the spill, miles of the French shoreline was contaminated with oil.
Vacuum trucks and agricultural vacuum units were used to suck up some of the oil, although a lot of it was simply removed by hand. In November the Liberian tanker Odyssey, virtually full to the brim with North Sea crude oil, broke in two and sunk in the North Atlantic miles off the coast of Nova Scotia.
It also caught fire as it sunk. Because the incident took place so far from curriculum vitae for filipino nurses coastline, the oil was expected to dissipate naturally, ergo no clean up at all.
An apparently shoddily maintained tanker exploded and later sunk off the coast of Italy. The accident killed six people. Immediately after the incident, an effort by the Italians to tow the Haven to shore failed, and the foot-long meter vessel sunk off the coast of Genoa.
Today it is believed to be the largest shipwreck in the world and is a popular tourist destination for divers. Immediately after the incident Italian authorities scrambled to fight the fire and control the spread of the spillage using six miles of inflatable barriers that were submerged below the water surface around the vessel.
The drilling mud was followed by a large quantity of oil and gas at an increasing flow rate.
The oil and gas fumes exploded on contact with the operating pump motors, starting a fire which led to the collapse of the Sedco drilling tower. The collapse caused damage to underlying well structures.
The damage to the well structures led to the release of significant quantities of oil into the Gulf. Pemex claimed that half of the released oil burned when it reached the surface, a third of it evaporated, and the rest was essay on asia cup 2016 or dispersed.
Dispersants were not used in the U.
Impacts of oil to the barrier island beaches were ranked as second in importance to protecting inlets to the bays and lagoons. This was done with the placement of skimmers and booms.
4 ways to stop the oil spill
Economically and environmentally sensitive barrier island beaches were cleaned empty room essay. Laborers used rakes and shovels to clean beaches rather than heavier equipment which removed too much sand. The US government had two months to prepare booms to protect major inlets.
Thousands of baby sea turtles were airlifted to a clean portion of the Gulf of Mexico to help save the rare species. Long-term effects[ edit ] This article possibly contains inappropriate or misinterpreted citations that do not verify the text.
10 Biggest Oil Spills in History
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July Learn how and when to university of cincinnati thesis this template message The oil that was lost during the blow-out polluted a considerable part of the offshore region in the Gulf of Mexico as well as much of the coastal zone, which consists primarily of sandy beaches and barrier islands often enclosing extensive shallow lagoons.
The oil on Mexican beaches that the authors observed in early September was calculated to be about metric tons. Based on reports from various groups and individuals, five times that figure is thought to represent a fair estimate of what had landed on Mexican beaches.
Investigations along the Texas coast show that approximately metric tons of oil or less than 1 percent was deposited there. The rest of the oil, aboutmetric tons or 25 percent, sank to the bottom of the Gulf.